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AGING CONDITIONS

Mesothelioma Treatments

 

Mesothelioma Treatment

The chance of recovery for a person with mesothelioma depends on several factors, including:

  • Size of the cancer
  • Location of the cancer
  • Spread of the cancer throughout the body
  • Patients general health
  • Response to treatment
  • Appearance of the cells under a microscope
  • Age of the patient

Standard treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Sometimes, these treatments are combined.
Surgery - may be aggressive surgery [long-term control] and palliative procedures [relief of symptoms].

Aggressive surgery removes part of the lining of the chest or abdomen and some of the tissue around it. For pleural mesothelioma, part of the lung may be removed [pneumonectomy]. Sometimes part of the diaphragm, the muscle below the lungs, is also removed. This surgery is highly complicated and carries a high risk of fatality within a month. Extra pleural pneumonectomy is therefore performed only on younger patients who are in good health and can tolerate the surgery.

Palliative procedures are performed when the cancer is in its advanced form and are intended to allay and/or control the symptoms of mesothelioma rather than cure them. Pleurectomy (decortications) is the surgical removal of the pleura. This reduces the pain caused by the tumor mass and may also prevent fluid collection that causes breathlessness. For peritoneal mesothelioma, surgery aims to palliate the symptoms, such as ascites, because complete surgical removal of the entire tumor is not generally possible.

 

Radiation Therapy

Radiotherapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation therapy affects the cancer cells only in the treated area. Radiotherapy may be external from a machine or internal by implanting radioactive materials into the area where the cancer cells are found.

 

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy use of intravenous anticancer drugs to kill cancer cells throughout the body. Doctors are also studying the effectiveness of putting chemotherapy directly into the chest or abdomen [intracavitary chemotherapy].

 

Removal of Fluid

This is done to relieve symptoms and control pain, a needle or a thin tube to drain fluid is used to drain fluid built up in the chest [thoracentesis]or abdomen [paracentesis]. Drugs may be also be given through a tube in the chest to prevent more fluid from accumulating.

 

Medicinal Drugs

Arthritis Drugs have shown promising effects for Mesothelioma patients. The FDA has approved a combination of Alimta-Cisplatin for treatment of asbestos-related cancer. Some of the medicines approved by the FDA are:

  • Adriamycin (doxorubicin), which is the most effective single agent
  • Pirubicin
  • Carboplatin
  • Detorubicin
  • Pirarubucin
  • Mitomucin
  • Cisplatin


Description of Mesothelioma

Symptoms of Mesothelioma

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