Understanding Your Physical Appearance

Your body shape is unique as the color of your eyes, texture of your hair or color of your skin. There are many things that contribute to our overall appearance, including:

  • Body Type
  • Body Shape
  • Body Weight & Fat Distribution
  • Skin Type & Tone
  • Hair Type


Body Shape

Your body shape is a combination of your body type and your lifestyle. The lifestyle components determines your body fat and lean muscle composition, and where body fat is most likely to be stored.

  • Increase in Fat - As we age, our body shape tends to change, as fat increases and muscle decreases. The proportion of body fat may increase by as much as 30%. Fat deposits increase around the center of the body, including around the abdominal organs.
  • Loss of Muscle - muscles, atrophy, losing some of their cells. Tissue loss also reduces the amount of water in your body. Bone density reduces, resulting in loss of height. Height loss is related to aging changes in the bones, muscles, and joints. Muscle changes often begin in the 20s in men and the 40s in women and can affect balance.
  • Loss of Height - Typical height loss is about 1 cm (0.4 inches) every 10 years after age 40. Height loss is even greater after 70 years old. Although it varies, you may lose 1 to 3 inches in height as you age.
  • Weight Gain - Men often gain weight until about age 55, then begin to lose weight. This may be related to a drop in the male sex hormone testosterone. Women usually gain weight until age 65, then begin to lose weight. Weight loss is, in part, caused by a loss of muscle tissue.
  • Body Hydration – Loss of tissue results in loss of cell hydration, leading to loss of fresh plump look to the skin. Changes in cell composition can play an important role in how your body uses drugs. Medication doses may need to be adjusted in older people.

Male Body Shapes

The ideal male body shape is the ‘X’ shape, typified by broad muscular shoulders, well formed pectoral muscles, taut waist, slim hips and nicely rounded buttocks.

Female Body Shapes

There are 6 basic female body frames. For each frame, there are certain exercises that can add balance back to the body. These will be reviewed in our exercise section.

  • The Pear Shape - The Pear shape or “A” frame carries extra weight in the lower region of the body, mainly in the hips, thighs and buttocks. Waists and busts are generally small. Exercise programs generally aim to balance the body by widening the shoulder girth and the back.
  • The H Frame - The "H Frame" is a strong athletic build, with a powerful core, including a large waist and shoulders. The frame lacks symmetry, giving a square, blockish appearance. Shape can be added by working on minimizing the waist.
  • The Ruler - The lean "Ruler" frame lacks any definition, with chest, waist, and hip measurements all fairly equal. This type generally has a high metabolism, and doesn't gain weight very easily. Any program should emphasise building muscle to add shape.
  • The Hourglass - The figure 8, hourglass figure has long been touted as the perfect female form. The height relative to the weight is of good proportion, with bust and hips about the same size; the waist being 10 inches smaller. This frame generally has fat evenly distributed and requires little in the way of muscle sculpturing. Program goals should focus on cardio fitness and maintaining strength and flexibility.
  • The Apple Shape - The Apple shape is an oval frame of short to average height, with large bust and thin legs. This shape tends to store fat in the midsection so focus needs to be on fat burning, muscle building exercise.


Body Tone

Body tone is a factor of lean muscle mass and skin tone. Those cellulite dimples that appear even on lean people tend to disappear when the skin in pulled taut.


Body Weight & Fat Loss Products


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