Hair loss may be due to:

  • Genetic Factors
  • Severe Acute and Chronic Illness
  • Diet Based Causes
  • Behavioural Factors
  • Hormonal Changes or Imbalances
  • Medicinal Side Effect

Genetic Causes of Hair Loss

Genetic tendency to baldness normally shows by about age 30 and is characterized by overall thinning of hair.

Androgenetic Alopecia

Alopecia Areata – this type of hair loss can occur during excellent health and at any age, resulting in totally smooth, round patches around 2-5cm. In rare cases in may result in complete loss of scalp and body hair. In most cases, the hair re-grows on its own.

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Illness, Disease and Surgery

Severe cases of Fever, Infection or Flu – Illnesses can force hair into a resting phase, with excessive hair loss 4-12 weeks following illness. Hair re-grows normally.

Thyroid Disease - Both an over-active thyroid and an under-active thyroid can cause hair loss. This is easily reversed with treatment.

Major Surgery/Chronic Illness - hair loss is often noticed within 1-3 months following surgery, and reverses itself within a few months. Those with severe chronic illnesses may continue sheding hair indefinitely.


Diet Based Causes of Hair Loss

Inadequate Protein in Diet - The body will attempt to save protein by shifting growing hairs into the resting phase. Massive hair shedding can occur 8-12 weeks later. This condition can be easily reversed and prevented by eating the proper amount of protein, especially when dieting.

Low Serum Iron - Iron deficiency occasionally produces hair loss. Low iron can occur in women who have heavy menstrual periods, but can be easily corrected by taking iron pills.

Fungus Infection (Ringworm) of the Scalp - Caused by a fungus infection, ringworm begins with small patches of scaling that can spread and result in broken hair, redness, swelling, and even oozing. Most common in children and curable with oral medication.


Behavioural Causes of Hair Loss

Hair Pulling (Trichotillomania) – hair pulling and twisting is a trait common to both children and adults. Mostly it is just habitual, almost as a comfort gesture, however it may also be a coping response to unpleasant stresses and should be evaluated for other than hair loss treatment.

Stress and Lifestyle - emotional events can cause health complications which result in hair loss. Lack of cleanliness of the scalp and excessive dandruff problems can also cause hair loss.


Hair Loss Due To Hormonal Changes and Imbalances

Excessive DHT in men, changes in contraceptive pills or pregnancy in women can cause hair loss.

Birth Control Pills - Women with inherited tendency for hair thinning, can experience hair loss due to taking certain forms of birth control pill. The hair begins shedding 2 - 3 months after stopping the pill; and continue for six months when it usually stops.

Alopecia Areata Childbirth – is a temporary condition occurring with pregnancy, when hair growth is stimulated. After child birth, the hair will typically then enter the resting phase. Within two to three months, excessive hair loss is noticed; lasting up to six months.


Hair Loss Due To Medication Side effects

Some prescription drugs may cause temporary hair shedding. For instance, medicines used for: gout, arthritis, depression, heart problems, high blood pressure, or blood thinner. The following is a possible list of medicines and drugs that could cause hair loss. Not all forms of these drugs cause hair loss.

  • Cholesterol-lowering drugs
  • Ulcer drugs
  • Anticoagulants
  • Agents for gout
  • Drugs derived from Vitamin A
  • Anticonvulsants taken for epilepsy
  • Antidepressants
  • Blood thinners
  • Anabolic steroids
  • Cancer Chemotherapy - can cause hair to become thin and break off; normally 1-3 weeks after treatment, and can result in 90 percent hair loss. The hair will re-grow after treatment ends.
  • An excessive intake of some nutrients such as Vitamins A and E can actually promote hair loss.

For details on treatments for hair loss

Hair Loss Treatment Products 

Grey Hair Treatments


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