Anti-Oxidant and Repairing Ingredients


R-ALA [Alpha lipoic acid]

R-ALA is natural and non-toxic antioxidant ideal for those prone to allergic reactions to other types of skin products. It may work to improve the overall appearance of the skin, in particular: lines and wrinkles, under eye bags and puffiness, enlarged pores, acne scars, sallow or dull skin and rosacea.


Vitamin E

Vitamin E is another antioxidant with anti-inflammatory effects on the skin. It has been shown to improve moisturization, softness and smoothness and also provides modest photo protection. Product Examples: Cellex C, Exuviance and MD Forte.


Co Enzyme Q10

Over the age of 30, levels of CoQ10 in the skin are below optimum, resulting in lesser ability to produce collagen, elastin and other important skin molecules. CoQ10 is a small molecule that can relatively easily penetrate into skin cells to boost skin repair and regeneration and reduces free radical damage.


Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic Acid is known as the "key to the fountain of youth.” Like CoQ10, Hyaluronic Acid occurs naturally in the body and is responsible for cushioning and lubricating connective tissue. Difficiencies of HA – which generally comes with age – result in a long list of abnormalities including wrinkles in the skin. Studies have shown that supplementation of HA has an enormous ability to prevent and reverse these aging abnormalities.



Idebenone - (ee-dee-be-known) – a super-potent antioxidant, like ubiquinone, found to effectively combat the signs of aging brought on by factors such as age, sun damage, and smoking. Idebenone was developed by the makers of Botox.


Vitamin C Ester

Vitamin C Ester acts as an antioxidant and its ability to stabilize collagen. Vitamin C Ester is essential for the production of collagen and is effective in treating sun damaged inflamed, or irritated skin. Product Examples: Cellex C, SkinCeuticals, and Obagi Cffectives.



TNS - tissue repairing complex containing growth factors found in normal, healthy skin. Product Examples: SkinMedica's TNS Recovery Complex.



Oils such as avocado oil and emu oil, the latter having the smallest molecules enabling it to pass through into the skins own molecules. For a full list of nourishing skin oils.