What is Botox

Botox is a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridia; one of the most powerful poisons known. However, when used as a therapeutic tool, it becomes a relatively benign substance and is an effective treatment for deep lines.


How Botox Works

Botox binds irreversibly to neurons in the skin. After this has occurred, acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter responsible for triggering muscle contractions, cannot be released.

This causes muscle paralysis and over time produces muscle atrophy.

Botox works best in the upper third of the face, such as the mid brow area (glabella lines), forehead, and the crow's feet. Other areas that respond well include the neck area and jaw line. The duration of effect caused by Botox is typically starts at around 3 months. After many treatments, the duration of effect prolongs due to muscle atrophy.


Is Botox Safe?

Botox has been approved for some years by the FDA for ophthalmologic problems, muscle tremors and dystonias. Over the last few years, since approved by the FDA in 2002, it has become a widely used treatment for wrinkles.


Botox Treatments

The procedure is performed by a dermatologist or physician in a clinic or spa. It takes approximately 15 minutes for a treatment. No or minimal anesthesia is required, ice is often used topically for a few seconds before injection.


Botox Treatment Complications

Complications of botox treatments are generally only minor and include bruising, swelling. In some instances, headaches, neck pain, nausea and eyelid drooping may occur.

Botox should not be used in patients with a prior neurological condition, allergy to albumin, or during pregnancy.


Alternatives for Botox

Recent alternatives in topical lotions that simulate the effects of Botox are now extremely popular. These serum, lotions or creams usually contain peptides which can disrupt nerve signals in the dermis, thereby relaxing muscles in a similar way to Botox. These Peptides also have the capability to suppress low amounts of inflammation in the face and help the skin stimulate more collagen. The most commonly claimed Botox alternative is Argireline.